This is the mail archive of the mailing list for the binutils project.

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]
Other format: [Raw text]

Re: RFC: [PATCH] X86: Add pseudo prefixes to control encoding

>>> On 04.11.16 at 19:24, <> wrote:
> Many x86 instructions have more than one encodings.  Assembler picks
> the default one, usually the shortest one.  Although the ".s", ".d8"
> and ".d32" suffixes can be used to swap register operands or specify
> displacement size, they aren't very flexible.  This patch adds pseudo
> prefixes, {xxx}, to control instruction encoding.  The available
> pseudo prefixes are {disp8}, {disp32}, {swap}, {vex2}, {vex3} and
> {evex}.  Pseudo prefixes are preferred over the ".s", ".d8" and ".d32"
> suffixes, which are deprecated.
> Any comments?

Looking at ...

> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/gas/testsuite/gas/i386/pseudos.s
> @@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
> +# Check instructions with pseudo prefixes for encoding
> +
> +	.text
> +_start:
> +	{vex3} vmovaps %xmm7,%xmm2
> +	{vex3} {swap} vmovaps %xmm7,%xmm2
> +	vmovaps %xmm7,%xmm2
> +	{vex2} vmovaps %xmm7,%xmm2
> +	{vex2} {swap} vmovaps %xmm7,%xmm2
> +	mov %ecx, %eax
> +	{swap} mov %ecx, %eax

... all of these, I think {swap} is a bad name, as it implies that there
is a particular encoding that the assembler chooses now and
forever. That, however, should be an implementation detail, and
hence the prefix should express exactly which encoding is wanted.
Sadly I can't think of a really concise short name for them; {rm-reg}
and {reg-rm} look a little ugly to me, namely due to the embedded

And then there are mnemonics which have two alternate base
opcodes (e.g. {,v}movq and {,v}pextrw). I think this prefix model
should cover them too, albeit I have even more of a problem
thinking of some good naming of the needed prefix(es), the more
that ideally this would allow for potential future extension to cope
with three or more different encodings for a single mnemonic.


Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]