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Next: Introduction

JFFS : The Journalling Flash File System

David Woodhouse
Red Hat, Inc.


Until recently, the common approach to using Flash memory technology in embedded devices has been to use a pseudo-filesystem on the flash chips to emulate a standard block device and provide wear levelling, and to use a normal file system on top of that emulated block device.

JFFS is a log-structured file system designed by Axis Communications AB in Sweden specifically for use on flash devices in embedded systems, which is aware of the restrictions imposed by flash technology and which operates directly on the flash chips, thereby avoiding the inefficiency of having two journalling file systems on top of each other.

This paper will give an overview of the restrictions imposed by flash technology and hence the design aims of JFFS, and the implementation of both JFFS and the improvements made in version 2, including compression and more efficient garbage collection.

David Woodhouse 2001-10-10