Next: , Previous: , Up: Python API   [Contents][Index] Threads In Python

Python scripts can access information about, and manipulate inferior threads controlled by GDB, via objects of the gdb.InferiorThread class.

The following thread-related functions are available in the gdb module:

Function: gdb.selected_thread ()

This function returns the thread object for the selected thread. If there is no selected thread, this will return None.

To get the list of threads for an inferior, use the Inferior.threads() method. See Inferiors In Python.

A gdb.InferiorThread object has the following attributes:


The name of the thread. If the user specified a name using thread name, then this returns that name. Otherwise, if an OS-supplied name is available, then it is returned. Otherwise, this returns None.

This attribute can be assigned to. The new value must be a string object, which sets the new name, or None, which removes any user-specified thread name.

Variable: InferiorThread.num

The per-inferior number of the thread, as assigned by GDB.

Variable: InferiorThread.global_num

The global ID of the thread, as assigned by GDB. You can use this to make Python breakpoints thread-specific, for example (see The Breakpoint.thread attribute).

Variable: InferiorThread.ptid

ID of the thread, as assigned by the operating system. This attribute is a tuple containing three integers. The first is the Process ID (PID); the second is the Lightweight Process ID (LWPID), and the third is the Thread ID (TID). Either the LWPID or TID may be 0, which indicates that the operating system does not use that identifier.

Variable: InferiorThread.ptid_string

This read-only attribute contains a string representing InferiorThread.ptid. This is the string that GDB uses in the ‘Target Id’ column in the info threads output (see info threads).

Variable: InferiorThread.inferior

The inferior this thread belongs to. This attribute is represented as a gdb.Inferior object. This attribute is not writable.

Variable: InferiorThread.details

A string containing target specific thread state information. The format of this string varies by target. If there is no additional state information for this thread, then this attribute contains None.

For example, on a GNU/Linux system, a thread that is in the process of exiting will return the string ‘Exiting’. For remote targets the details string will be obtained with the ‘qThreadExtraInfo’ remote packet, if the target supports it (see qThreadExtraInfo).

GDB displays the details string as part of the ‘Target Id’ column, in the info threads output (see info threads).

A gdb.InferiorThread object has the following methods:

Function: InferiorThread.is_valid ()

Returns True if the gdb.InferiorThread object is valid, False if not. A gdb.InferiorThread object will become invalid if the thread exits, or the inferior that the thread belongs is deleted. All other gdb.InferiorThread methods will throw an exception if it is invalid at the time the method is called.

Function: InferiorThread.switch ()

This changes GDB’s currently selected thread to the one represented by this object.

Function: InferiorThread.is_stopped ()

Return a Boolean indicating whether the thread is stopped.

Function: InferiorThread.is_running ()

Return a Boolean indicating whether the thread is running.

Function: InferiorThread.is_exited ()

Return a Boolean indicating whether the thread is exited.

Function: InferiorThread.handle ()

Return the thread object’s handle, represented as a Python bytes object. A gdb.Value representation of the handle may be constructed via gdb.Value(bufobj, type) where bufobj is the Python bytes representation of the handle and type is a gdb.Type for the handle type.

One may add arbitrary attributes to gdb.InferiorThread objects in the usual Python way. This is useful if, for example, one needs to do some extra record keeping associated with the thread.

See choosing attribute names, for guidance on selecting a suitable name for new attributes.

In this contrived example we record the time when a thread last stopped:

(gdb) python
import datetime

def thread_stopped(event):
    if event.inferior_thread is not None:
        thread = event.inferior_thread
        thread = gdb.selected_thread()
    thread._last_stop_time =
(gdb) file /tmp/hello
Reading symbols from /tmp/hello...
(gdb) start
Temporary breakpoint 1 at 0x401198: file /tmp/hello.c, line 18.
Starting program: /tmp/hello

Temporary breakpoint 1, main () at /tmp/hello.c:18
18	  printf ("Hello World\n");
(gdb) python print(gdb.selected_thread()._last_stop_time)
2024-01-04 14:48:41.347036

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