STAPEX

Section: Misc. Reference Manual Pages (3stap)
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

stapex - systemtap examples

 

LANGUAGE BASICS

These examples give a feel for basic systemtap syntax and control structures.


global odds, evens

probe begin {
  # "no" and "ne" are local integers
  for (i=0; i<10; i++) {
    if (i % 2) odds [no++] = i
    else evens [ne++] = i 
  }
  delete odds[2]
  delete evens[3]
  exit ()
}

probe end {
  foreach (x+ in odds) {
    printf ("odds[%d] = %d, x, odds[x])
  }
  foreach (x in evens-) {
    printf ("evens[%d] = %d, x, evens[x])
  }
}

This prints:


odds[1] = 1
odds[3] = 5
odds[4] = 7
odds[5] = 9
evens[5] = 8
evens[4] = 6
evens[2] = 2
evens[1] = 0

Note that all variables types are inferred, and that all locals and globals are automatically initialized.

This script prints the primes between 0 and 49.


function isprime (x) {
  if (x < 2) return 0
  for (i=2; i<x; i++) {
    if (x % i == 0) return 0
    if (i * i > x) break
  }
  return 1
}
probe begin {
  for (i=0; i<50; i++)
    if (isprime (i)) printf("%d, i)
  exit()
}

This script demonstrates recursive functions.


function fibonacci(i) {
  if (i < 1) error ("bad number")
  if (i == 1) return 1
  if (i == 2) return 2
  return fibonacci (i-1) + fibonacci (i-2)
}
probe begin {
  printf ("11th fibonacci number: %d, fibonacci (11))
  exit ()
}

Any larger number may exceed the MAXACTION or MAXNESTING limits, and result in an error.

 

PROBING

To trace entry and exit from a function, use a pair of probes:


probe kernel.function("sys_mkdir") { println ("enter") }
probe kernel.function("sys_mkdir").return { println ("exit") }

To list the probeable functions in the kernel, use the listings mode.


% stap -l 'kernel.function("*")'

To list the probeable functions and local variables in the kernel, use another listings mode.


% stap -L 'kernel.function("*")'

 

MORE EXAMPLES

The directory to find more examples can be found in the stappaths (7) manual page, and online at http://sourceware.org/systemtap/examples/

 

SEE ALSO

stap(1)
stapprobes(3stap)
stappaths(7)



 

Index

NAME
LANGUAGE BASICS
PROBING
MORE EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 10:39:29 GMT, March 18, 2014