1. Not strictly a bug, more of a gotcha.
Under MS VC++ (only tested with version 6.0), a term_func
set via the standard C++ set_terminate() function causes the
application to abort.
Notes from the MSVC++ manual:
1) A term_func() should call exit(), otherwise
abort() will be called on return to the caller.
A call to abort() raises SIGABRT and the default signal handler
for all signals terminates the calling program with
exit code 3.
2) A term_func() must not throw an exception. Therefore
term_func() should not call pthread_exit(), which
works by throwing an exception (pthreadVCE or pthreadVSE)
or by calling longjmp (pthreadVC).
Workaround: avoid using pthread_exit() in C++ applications. Exit
threads by dropping through the end of the thread routine.
2. Cancellation problems in optimised code
- Milan Gardian
This is suspected to be a compiler bug in VC6.0, and also seen in
VC7.0 and VS .NET 2003. The GNU C++ compiler does not have a problem
with this, and it has been reported that the Intel C++ 8.1 compiler
and Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition Beta2 pass tests\semaphore4.c
(which exposes the bug).
Workaround [rpj - 2 Feb 2002]
[Please note: this workaround did not solve a similar problem in
snapshot-2004-11-03 or later, even though similar symptoms were seen.
tests\semaphore4.c fails in that snapshot for the VCE version of the
The problem disappears when /Ob0 is used, i.e. /O2 /Ob0 works OK,
but if you want to use inlining optimisation you can be much more
specific about where it's switched off and on by using a pragma.
So the inlining optimisation is interfering with the way that cleanup
handlers are run. It appears to relate to auto-inlining of class methods
since this is the only auto inlining that is performed at /O1 optimisation
(functions with the "inline" qualifier are also inlined, but the problem
doesn't appear to involve any such functions in the library or testsuite).
In order to confirm the inlining culprit, the following use of pragmas
eliminate the problem but I don't know how to make it transparent, putting
it in, say, pthread.h where pthread_cleanup_push defined as a macro.
pthread_cleanup_push(handlerFunc, (void *) &arg);
/* ... */
Note the empty () pragma value after the pop macro. This resets depth to the
default. Or you can specify a non-zero depth here.
The pragma is also needed (and now used) within the library itself wherever
cleanup handlers are used (condvar.c and rwlock.c).
Use of these pragmas allows compiler optimisations /O1 and /O2 to be
used for either or both the library and applications.
Experimenting further, I found that wrapping the actual cleanup handler
function with #pragma auto_inline(off|on) does NOT work.
MSVC6.0 doesn't appear to support the C99 standard's _Pragma directive,
however, later versions may. This form is embeddable inside #define
macros, which would be ideal because it would mean that it could be added
to the push/pop macro definitions in pthread.h and hidden from the
Original problem description
The cancellation (actually, cleanup-after-cancel) tests fail when using VC
(professional) optimisation switches (/O1 or /O2) in pthreads library. I
have not investigated which concrete optimisation technique causes this
problem (/Og, /Oi, /Ot, /Oy, /Ob1, /Gs, /Gf, /Gy, etc.), but here is a
summary of builds and corresponding failures:
* pthreads VSE (optimised tests): OK
* pthreads VCE (optimised tests): Failed "cleanup1" test (runtime)
* pthreads VSE (DLL in CRT, optimised tests): OK
* pthreads VCE (DLL in CRT, optimised tests): Failed "cleanup1" test
Please note that while in VSE version of the pthreads library the
optimisation does not really have any impact on the tests (they pass OK), in
VCE version addition of optimisation (/O2 in this case) causes the tests to
fail uniformly - either in "cleanup0" or "cleanup1" test cases.
Please note that all the tests above use default pthreads DLL (no
optimisations, linked with either static or DLL CRT, based on test type).
Therefore the problem lies not within the pthreads DLL but within the
compiled client code (the application using pthreads -> involvement of
I think the message of this section is that usage of VCE version of pthreads
in applications relying on cancellation/cleanup AND using optimisations for
creation of production code is highly unreliable for the current version of
the pthreads library.
3. The Borland Builder 5.5 version of the library produces memory read exceptions
in some tests.
4. pthread_barrier_wait() can deadlock if the number of potential calling
threads for a particular barrier is greater than the barrier count parameter
given to pthread_barrier_init() for that barrier.
This is due to the very lightweight implementation of pthread-win32 barriers.
To cope with more than "count" possible waiters, barriers must effectively
implement all the same safeguards as condition variables, making them much
"heavier" than at present.
The workaround is to ensure that no more than "count" threads attempt to wait
at the barrier.
5. Canceling a thread blocked on pthread_once appears not to work in the MSVC++
version of the library "pthreadVCE.dll". The test case "once3.c" hangs. I have no
clues on this at present. All other versions pass this test ok - pthreadsVC.dll,
pthreadsVSE.dll, pthreadsGC.dll and pthreadsGCE.dll.