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Re:, dynamic and executable?

On Monday 12 May 2008, Ryan Arnold wrote:
> On Mon, May 12, 2008 at 10:19 AM, Nathan Weyer <> wrote:
> > Well, the list said any question....
> >
> >  I am curious if anyone can explain how glibc manages the trick of being
> > both a executable binary and a loadable module at the same time? I was
> > under the impression that dlopen didn't work on anything that could run
> > on it's own.
> Which application and/or library provided by GLIBC are you referring to?

well only one file in glibc is like this ...

> When a user application is compiled it has the program interpreter
> (the dynamic linker/loader information [the path] embedded in
> the program's ELF header.

your use of "ELF header" is kind of loose here.  the interpeter is not set in 
the ELF header structure (ehdr).  it's a dedicated ELF program header 
(PT_INTERP / phdr).

> As far as I understand, the kernel loads the application and the
> indicated dynamic linker/loader into memory.  It passes control to the
> loader which will load the library and resolve necessary early
> symbols.  Control will pass to libc to execute the application init
> code which will launch the application.

the loader doesnt special case any library.  it loads all libraries specified 
by the DT_NEEDED dynamic headers of the ELF (which is passed to the ldso).

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