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Re: Preventing preemption of 'protected' symbols in GNU ld 2.26
- From: Joe Groff <jgroff at apple dot com>
- To: Cary Coutant <ccoutant at gmail dot com>
- Cc: "H.J. Lu" <hjl dot tools at gmail dot com>, Binutils <binutils at sourceware dot org>
- Date: Mon, 28 Mar 2016 15:41:16 -0700
- Subject: Re: Preventing preemption of 'protected' symbols in GNU ld 2.26
- Authentication-results: sourceware.org; auth=none
- References: <9106B2FB-BB06-413A-A04D-EEFB992784FA at apple dot com> <CAJimCsEzZ8GDByd8r9x5J9sQ__V0o1mn21FD1xLPe7OhWdikKQ at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAMe9rOqipnAMa-OeYfks6=FYRffxSrcLuJnJD=wX-PjoKcGWRA at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAJimCsFxza3TWVXorqYLa--SfUZ_LznR=m2GkJ_Mq6YZ9Ga3YQ at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAMe9rOphSdEp8mO7OpuEAVpUz-hT8eRb=6RJmaP1XWvDC_UNpQ at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAJimCsHGnHp+s4OXVMt5K=AOsz=nPqY_W7L_M0Ey5rSdK7nk1g at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAMe9rOowzNKqmgf+5A6R-BdEjv2_KAnEYO=PxUH6=MYST_Fu3w at mail dot gmail dot com> <9EFBBDCE-4054-4867-B3E9-9DFE216A234F at apple dot com> <CAMe9rOqqPVeaRZ8SPD-uoxRnHFOCGV3xXFNnDY5ez6xY8uG6hw at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAJimCsFffshMvsDoRq_33Ss8u9Y_Z4y2NKsqDbxJQuO6SyJNbg at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAMe9rOqcw2P_ZU2u-mQ5m7wrVygLKxD3R=KwkxdpiXkeM6o_2g at mail dot gmail dot com> <BC969B3B-87A2-4238-90C8-DA2E166707AF at apple dot com> <CAJimCsGW3qY2aow_WrjeXUUH9_XUWm5=kNp7DbqdgC_=G+jLuQ at mail dot gmail dot com> <08556ECF-C47B-400E-91A2-56D338E55D86 at apple dot com> <CAJimCsGDoYVWP4WLB-vu6Gr3Lnh0DoYYrWPZYgC3MKJ7Jv0oqQ at mail dot gmail dot com>
> On Mar 28, 2016, at 3:38 PM, Cary Coutant <email@example.com> wrote:
>>>> Did you look at what the costs were in startup time and dirty pages by using
>>>> copy relocations? What do you do if the size of the definition changes in a
>>>> new version of the library?
>>> There wouldn't be a measurable cost in dirty pages; the copied objects
>>> are simply allocated in bss in the executable.
>> Wouldn't references to the symbol from within the .so need to be relocated to reference the now-canonical copy in the executable?
> No, references from within the .so would have always used the GOT.
> Non-protected global symbols in a shared library are still
> pre-emptible, so they are always indirect, and there's always a
> dynamic relocation for the GOT entry. Whether the prevailing
> definition winds up in the executable or the shared library, the
> dynamic loader still has to bind the symbol and apply the relocation.
Ah, right, ELF symbols are preemptible by default, so you'd already be dirtying any pages containing data-to-data references to the symbol regardless.