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Re: Avoiding unnecessary jump relocations in gas?
- From: "H.J. Lu" <hjl dot tools at gmail dot com>
- To: Andy Lutomirski <luto at amacapital dot net>
- Cc: Jan Beulich <JBeulich at suse dot com>, Binutils <binutils at sourceware dot org>, "linux-kernel at vger dot kernel dot org" <linux-kernel at vger dot kernel dot org>
- Date: Fri, 8 May 2015 13:16:34 -0700
- Subject: Re: Avoiding unnecessary jump relocations in gas?
- Authentication-results: sourceware.org; auth=none
- References: <CALCETrUXnXVARO=KD+r0YV1wi2vvXF-41VS++F877HsJs1qz9Q at mail dot gmail dot com> <554B6E0102000078000778D0 at mail dot emea dot novell dot com> <CAMe9rOri61BL=uUgC8FVCs0peGR=KKRh629rOsRtbzMs8N=MrA at mail dot gmail dot com> <CALCETrX35KY8M0JKdoF1CB853AiS8wqH2-uQ976EptU3xf3=Dg at mail dot gmail dot com> <CAMe9rOpOuYY0DffAd21VffSpvzvrkPe2pJxpZtEQX=Djpi_Lgw at mail dot gmail dot com>
On Fri, May 8, 2015 at 5:09 AM, H.J. Lu <email@example.com> wrote:
> On Thu, May 7, 2015 at 8:22 PM, Andy Lutomirski <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
>> On Thu, May 7, 2015 at 9:21 AM, H.J. Lu <email@example.com> wrote:
>>> On Thu, May 7, 2015 at 4:52 AM, Jan Beulich <JBeulich@suse.com> wrote:
>>>>>>> On 07.05.15 at 08:02, <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
>>>>> AFAICT gas will produce relocations for jumps to global labels in the
>>>>> same file. This doesn't seem directly harmful to me, except that, on
>>>>> x86, it forces five-byte jumps instead of two-byte jumps.
>>>>> This seems especially unfortunate, since even hidden and protected
>>>>> symbols have this problem.
>>>>> Given that many users don't want interposition support (especially the
>>>>> kernel and anyone using .hidden or .protected), it would be nice to
>>>>> have a command-line option to turn this off and probably also to turn
>>>>> it off by default for hidden and protected symbols. Can gas do this?
>>>> I've been running with the below changes (taken off of a bigger set
>>>> of changes, so the line numbers may look a little odd) for the last
>>>> couple of years. I never tried to submit this change because so far
>>>> I couldn't find the time to check whether this would have any
>>>> unwanted side effects on cases I don't normally use.
>>> This is the patch I checked in.
>>> Branches to global non-weak symbols defined in the same segment with
>>> non-default visibility can be optimized the same way as branches to
>>> local symbols.
>> Would it make sense to also add a command line option along the lines
>> of gcc's -fno-semantic-interposition or some way to override the
>> default visibility? AFAICS this patch helps but only if asm code gets
>> liberally sprinkled with .hidden or .protected directives.
> This is what I checked in. With
> diff --git a/arch/x86/Makefile b/arch/x86/Makefile
> index 2fda005..186e6f7 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/Makefile
> @@ -107,6 +107,10 @@ else
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-maccumulate-outgoing-args)
> +NO_SHARED_CFLAGS = $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-mno-shared)
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(NO_SHARED_CFLAGS)
> +KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(NO_SHARED_CFLAGS)
> # Make sure compiler does not have buggy stack-protector support.
> ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
> cc_has_sp := $(srctree)/scripts/gcc-x86_$(BITS)-has-stack-protector.sh
> On kernel master branch, I got
> text data bss dec hex filename
> 10934167 2275232 1609728 14819127 e21f37 vmlinux.old
> 10934119 2275232 1609728 14819079 e21f07 vmlinux
> It saves 48 bytes.
This is before I fixed:
/* This is global to keep gas from relaxing the jumps */
in arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S. With -mno-shared, we must
make early_idt_handler weak to keep gas from relaxing the jumps.