This is the mail archive of the
mailing list for the binutils project.
Re: [Patch, avr] Relax LDS/STS to IN/OUT if symbol is in I/O address range
- From: Senthil Kumar Selvaraj <senthil_kumar dot selvaraj at atmel dot com>
- To: Denis Chertykov <chertykov at gmail dot com>
- Cc: "binutils at sourceware dot org" <binutils at sourceware dot org>, Georg-Johann Lay <gjl at gcc dot gnu dot org>
- Date: Tue, 30 Sep 2014 07:40:24 +0530
- Subject: Re: [Patch, avr] Relax LDS/STS to IN/OUT if symbol is in I/O address range
- Authentication-results: sourceware.org; auth=none
- References: <20140929104545 dot GA984 at atmel dot com> <CADOs=zaSvw-8Lpg5Te1v0YE19KBh6uN8udCpsNAWuvfpL7YHbA at mail dot gmail dot com>
On Mon, Sep 29, 2014 at 08:08:37PM +0400, Denis Chertykov wrote:
> 2014-09-29 14:45 GMT+04:00 Senthil Kumar Selvaraj
> > The patch below adds linker relaxation support for rewriting LDS/STS
> > instructions to IN/OUT where appropriate. The IN/OUT instruction is
> > shorter by a couple of bytes, and executes a cycle quicker. The
> > compiler already does this optimization for addresses known at
> > compile time - this linker patch does it for the rest.
> > The patch looks for R_AVR_16 relocations, and if it finds an
> > LDS/STS instruction with the symbol value (i.e. address) in I/O range,
> > rewrites it to use IN/OUT instead, adjusting the address for SFR offsets.
> > The patch also includes a couple of test cases to verify that it works
> > for tiny, mega and xmega archs, and to ensure I/O range check is
> > implemented correctly.
> > If ok, could someone commit please? I don't have commit access.
> Generally, I don't like this.
> The compiler already does this optimization.
> May be somebody want to have LDS/STS instead of IN/OUT.
> (Calc delay)
Hmm, but can't you make that argument for all linker relaxations (jmp ->
rjmp, for e.g.)? Besides, this relaxation kicks in only if there is a
relocation - a plain lds <register> <constant_address> won't get rewritten
unless a .reloc directive is used to forcibly emit a relocation. And of
course, the user can simply choose to NOT pass --relax to the linker.
The reason this patch came about was some (inline assembly) code in
avr-libc (wdt.h) that has conditional compilation branches for
emitting LDS/STS vs IN/OUT based on the device name. We figured it
would be simpler to let the linker deal with it instead.