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Re: ARM ELF p_paddr is not put to zero

On Thu, Jun 23, 2011 at 12:22 AM, Ian Lance Taylor <> wrote:
> Drasko DRASKOVIC <> writes:
>> I think that p_vaddr can be affected with
>> by --entry flag and ?explicit address, as it sound logical to me that
>> it is set to this value. Is this correct ? Does this flag however also
>> affects p_paddr at the same time ?
> With the GNU tools, unless you use a linker script with an AT clause,
> p_paddr will always == p_vaddr.
>> How do we specify p_paddr (I am talking about ROM and noMMU devices)?
>> I.e. how do we tell at which address binary should be loaded ? Is this
>> done only via linker script or there are some command line options
>> with which we can define lma ?
> Only via a linker script. ?Well, actually, you can use objcopy
> --change-section-lma. ?Maybe there is some other way that I'm
> forgetting. ?Most people use a linker script.
>> Third question is - what happens if we do not define load address at
>> all, just provide address at we want to link, i.e. address of the
>> first symbol (if this does not affect p_paddr just p_vaddr) ? How does
>> ld manage this internally - would it equalize p_paddr to p_vaddr
>> during the process and spit out binary with p_paddr = p_vaddr ?
> Yes.

Hi Ian,

Thanks very much for these clarifications.


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