CYGWIN environment variable is used to configure
many global settings for the Cygwin runtime system. It contains the options
listed below, separated by blank characters. Many options can be turned off
by prefixing with
(no)binmode - if set, non-disk
(e.g. pipe and COM ports) file opens default to binary mode
(no CRLF translation) instead of text mode. Defaults to set (binary
mode). By default, devices are opened in binary mode, so this option
has little effect on normal cygwin operations.
It does affect two things, however. For non-NTFS filesystems, this
option will control the line endings for standard output/input/error
for redirection from the Windows command shell. It will also affect
the default translation mode of a pipe, although most shells set the
pipe to binary by default.
check_case:level - THIS OPTION IS DEPRECATED.
Don't use it unless you know what you're doing and don't see any way
around it. And even then, this option is error prone, slows down Cygwin
and not well maintained. This option controls the behavior of
Cygwin when a user tries to open or create a file using a case different from
the case of the path as saved on the disk.
level is one of
relaxed which is the default behaviour simply
ignores case. That's the default for native Windows applications as well.
adjust behaves mostly invisible. The POSIX input
path is internally adjusted in case, so that the resulting DOS path uses the
correct case throughout. You can see the result when changing the directory
using a wrong case and calling /bin/pwd afterwards.
strict results in a error message if the case
isn't correct. Trying to open a file
Foo while a file
fOo exists results in a "no such file or directory"
error. Trying to create a file
BAR while a file
Bar exists results in a "Filename exists with different
codepage:[ansi|oem] - Windows console
applications can use different character sets (codepages) for drawing
characters. The first setting, called "ansi", is the default.
This character set contains various forms of latin characters used
in European languages. The name originates from the ANSI Latin1
(ISO 8859-1) standard, used in Windows 1.0, though the character
sets have since diverged from any standard. The second setting
selects an older, DOS-based character set, containing various line
drawing and special characters. It is called "oem" since it was
originally encoded in the firmware of IBM PCs by original
equipment manufacturers (OEMs). If you find that some characters
(especially non-US or 'graphical' ones) do not display correctly in
Cygwin, you can use this option to select an appropriate codepage.
(no)dosfilewarning - If set, Cygwin will warn the
first time a user uses an "MS-DOS" style path name rather than a POSIX-style
path name. Defaults to set.
(no)envcache - If set, environment variable
conversions (between Win32 and POSIX) are cached. Note that this is may
cause problems if the mount table changes, as the cache is not invalidated
and may contain values that depend on the previous mount table
contents. Defaults to set.
(no)export - If set, the final values of these
settings are re-exported to the environment as
Defaults to off.
error_start:Win32filepath - if set, runs
Win32filepath when cygwin encounters a fatal error,
which is useful for debugging.
usually set to the path to gdb or
dumper, for example
There is no default set.
forkchunk:32768 - causes the
to copy memory some number of bytes at a time, in the above example
32768 bytes (32Kb) at a time. The default is to copy as many bytes as
possible, which is preferable in most cases but may slow some older systems
proc_retry:n - causes the
to retry n times when a child process fails due to certain windows-specific errors. These errors usually
occur when processes are being started while a user is logging off.
(no)glob[:ignorecase] - if set, command line arguments
containing UNIX-style file wildcard characters (brackets, question mark,
asterisk, escaped with \) are expanded into lists of files that match
This is applicable only to programs running from a DOS command line prompt.
Default is set.
This option also accepts an optional
If supplied, wildcard matching is case insensitive. The default is
(no)ntea - if set, use NT Extended Attributes to
store UNIX-like inode information.
This option only operates under Windows NT. Defaults to not set.
Only FAT and NTFS support Extended Attributes, not FAT32, so it's
of no use there. Furthermore, on NTFS partitions ntsec, which provides
real permissions, overrides ntea, which only provides faked permissions.
So setting ntea only makes sense if you either have FAT partitions,
or if you switch off ntsec explicitely.
This may create additional large files on FAT partitions.
(no)ntsec - if set, use the NT security
model to set UNIX-like permissions on files and processes. The
file permissions can only be set on NTFS partitions. FAT/FAT32 don't
support the NT file security. Defaults to set. For more information, read
the documentation in the section called “NT security and usage of
(no)smbntsec - if set, use
ntsec on remote
drives as well (default is "nosmbntesc"). When setting "smbntsec" there's
a chance that you get problems with Samba shares so you should use this
option with care. One reason for a non working
remote drives could be insufficient permissions of the users. The requires
user rights are somewhat dangerous (SeRestorePrivilege), so it's not always
an option to grant that rights to users. However, this shouldn't be a
problem in NT domain environments.
(no)reset_com - if set, serial ports are reset
to 9600-8-N-1 with no flow control when used. This is done at open
time and when handles are inherited. Defaults to set.
(no)server - if set, allows client applications
to use the Cygserver facilities. This option must be enabled explicitely
on the client side, otherwise your applications won't be able to use the
XSI IPC function calls (
shmget, and friends)
successfully. These function calls will return with
ENOSYS, "Bad system call".
(no)strip_title - if set, strips the directory
part off the window title, if any. Default is not set.
(no)title - if set, the title bar
reflects the name of the program currently running. Default is not
set. Note that under Win9x the title bar is always enabled and it is
stripped by default, but this is because of the way Win9x works. In
order not to strip, specify
(no)tty - if set, Cygwin enables extra support
(i.e., termios) for UNIX-like ttys in the Windows console.
It is not compatible with some Windows programs.
Defaults to not set, in which case the tty is opened in text mode.
Note that this has been changed such that ^D works as
expected instead of ^Z, and is settable via stty.
This option must be specified before starting a Cygwin shell
and it cannot be changed in the shell. It should not be set when using
other terminals (i.e., rxvt or xterm).
(no)winsymlinks - if set, Cygwin creates
symlinks as Windows shortcuts with a special header and the R/O attribute
set. If not set, Cygwin creates symlinks as plain files with a magic number,
a path and the system attribute set. Defaults to set.